THE CREATION STORY – VERSION 2017
This condensed story is based on my understanding of Max Tegmark’s book Life: 3.0 (Aug 2017).
A common way of describing the early Universe’s existence is: a space filled with particles/energy bouncing on each other. How, out of that seemingly chaotic but almost homogeneous structure, did the situation we experience today develop? Answer: Entropy!
Well, gravity was already there (how?) and brought some dynamic systematics into the bouncing. That is why we see a Universe that is full of interesting things like galaxies, sun’s, planets, animals and people. They are all there due to the effects of the laws of physics!
So physics is telling us.
Those laws are always optimizing the physical processes; mini-or maximizing. And the processes are either 1. that something causes something or 2. a goal-oriented behavior. I’ll try to use 2 for this review.
Entropy is the most powerful and basic process in the happening and is trying to optimize energy dissipation. As if it is a ‘Goal’ of Nature. But energy dissipation/Entropy increase is not all there is. If so, everything would just be a lifeless homogenous ‘soup’ and we would not be here to observe. Schroedinger’s life-loop-hole law, that Entropy can decrease locally if it means that the total Entropy increases is what makes LIFE possible. And, as life is an efficient Entropy – increaser Nature invented Replication as a sub-goal of Energy dissipation in order to increase Entropy. This has been going on for some 13.8 B years.
Consequently, LIFE was invented by Universe to increase Entropy. That happened some 4.5 B years ago; maybe as described by Jeremy England’s energy dissipation-driven adaptation theory?
This conclusion results from an attempt to explain Universe’s goal oriented behavior:
Life, using Max’s definition ( a Process that can retain its complexity and replicate), is increasing Entropy efficiency by following Schroedinger’s ‘life loop hole’ theory that allows Entropy to decrease locally and temporarily if it increases Entropy totally..
Not all living organisms are replicating with the same efficiency! That is called Darwinian evolution with its NATURAL Selection that made more efficient replicators increase more. Note that also such behavior of Life as to eat, drink, and sleep are sub-goals of replication and, thus, Entropy – increasing.
Then, Organisms got Intelligence because it was also an efficient Entropy increaser. Some got more of it. Enter: Homo Sapiens; some 200-300 K years ago. But still all Life – processes were determined by Darwinian Evolution: hard- as well as software. That is what Max calls Life 1.0.
Intelligence, however, meant that knowledge about Nature’s functioning increased and HS started tinker with, first the software and more and more of Organisms’ software got designed instead of evolved and we reached a level that Max names: Life 2.0.Thus arrived the cultural epoch where, still, hardware mainly evolved but software got increasingly designed. Medicines were developed to help improve bodily functions., chips were placed in the brain, replacement of whole malfunctioning body parts e.g. arms, legs found technological solutions..
So, where are we now, today’s Homo Sapiens?
1st: We do not understand much of what really IS going on around us as we do not have all the information needed. We know quite a bit but a lot is still missing. Many humans do not put high probability on what the sciences have dug out of knowledge so there is little unity in the human domain about what we really are.
2nd: Many of us believe that we understand what is going on around us. Some are more humble. But we have learnt how to change some of the evolutionary processes.
3rd: Many of us, Homo Sapiens, act as if we are the peak of Universe, because that is what the institutionalized, businesslike religions and other ideologies tell us.
Some people realize that we are a part of a huge energy dissipation process but we do not necessarily feel it; it should be more difficult to avoid realizing that we are part of a self-replicating process and as replication is there in order to make Entropy more effective, it is evident what is going on.
Feelings, rather than rational thinking direct humanity’s behavior along lines of increasing Entropy.
4th: Some of the HS, harboring Human Super- Intelligence, are on the way of creating Organisms where hard- as well as software are Designed rather than Evolved. If and when these projects succeed we enter the realm of Life 3.0, that, for sure, will upset the happening quite a bit. The most crucial part of the Life 3.0 projects is how to, when ASI (artificial super intelligence) arrives, make it a ‘friendly’ ASI. We do not want to experience the same development as the horse, when the engine, using fossil fuel arrived.
But that is another story; Max Tegmark’s book: Life 3.0 tells the whole story.